Morality - A Must - Daily Current Affair Article

CONTEXT:

Responding to a question on increasing incidents of moral policing in the coastal districts, Karnataka Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai said on that moral policing cases occur “when moral values in society diminish” and there would be “action and reaction”, which needed to be taken into account while viewing such incidents.

MORAL VALUES TO BE INCULCATED BY VARIOUS AGENTS

Role of Family

  • The basic values are given to a child by his parents and family members.
  • A child noticing father's disrespect towards mother teaches gender discrimination to the child.
  • On the other hand, having equal and respectful relationship amongst family members inculcates values of equality.
  • Every other human values like care, love, respect, morality, ethics, philosophy of ideal life, etc are taught to children first by his/her family.

School

  • It is the second place where a child gets his/her values.
  • Values like Discipline, Gender equality, Hardwork, Respect, Equality, etc are taught by school

Society

  • Society also has a major role in inculcating values in a child
  • A person from less educated and heinous environment is likely to follow the same path.

Administrative and Political role models

  • Society copies and acts what it watches.
  • Administrators and Political figures are the ones they see in their daily routine lives, thus, increasing the burden on these public servants to act morally correct.

National and International roleplayers

  • The monumental roleplayers at both National and International levels need to keep in mind human values and basic moral values while dealing with national and international issues.
  • Countrymen can't be taught moral values if the leaders themselves aren't following those.

MORALITY, WELFARISM AND SOCIAL EVILS

  • Values command a great significance in society. A society which is endowed with lofty values, makes progress. On the other hand, a society in which values deteriorate, degenerates.
  • The idea of welfarism is incomplete without focus on moral values. Welfare of the society is possible only with moral values and the maintenance of welfare for long term is again impossible without inculcation of moral values in the common masses.
  • With the society plagued by social evils, it is required to propagate good ideals and moral values among the people.
  • Lack of education among the lower strata of the society has been a major reason that paved the way for the fall of moral values and subsequent rise in violation of human rights.

CODE OF ETHICS AND CODE OF CONDUCT

CODE OF ETHICS:

The Law commission has recommended that

  • Ministers must uphold the highest ethical standards;
  • Ministers must uphold the principle of collective responsibility
  • Ministers have a duty to Parliament to account, and be held to account, for the policies, decisions and actions of their departments and agencies;
  • Ministers must ensure that no conflict arises, or appears to arise, between their public duties and their private interests;
  • Ministers in the Lok Sabha must keep separate their roles as Minister and constituency member;
  • Ministers must comply with the requirements which the two Houses of Parliament lay down from time to time;
  • Ministers must recognize that misuse of official position or information is violation of the trust reposed in them as public functionaries;
  • Ministers must act objectively, impartially, honestly, equitably, diligently and in a fair and just manner.

CODE OF CONDUCT:

  • Prohibit MPs from misusing the power and immunities they get.
  • An MP should avoid conflict between a private and a public interest.
  • No parliamentarian should be allowed to vote on those questions in the House, in which he/she has a vested interest.
  • Amend the Constitution to ensure a minimum of 110 days of sitting in a legislature having more than 100 members, and 90-50 days of sitting in Houses with less than 100 members depending on the size of the State involved.
  • The filing by legislators of a statement of income, assets and liabilities, and an indication of changes in these figures over time.
  • Punishment of members by admonition, reprimand, censure or withdrawal from the House in case of violations or breach of the code of conduct.
  • Automatic suspension from the House of any member involved in offences of grave misconduct.

2ND ARC RECOMMENDATIONS

2nd ARC recommends some important measures to inculcate in the administrators for the better development of a welfare society:

  • Training of civil servants should be able to bring about behavioural and attitudinal changes.
  • Administrative procedures, rules and regulations need to be simplified so that red tapism could be minimized; decentralization of authority and collegiate decision making; de-emphasis of hierarchy in the administrative structure
  • Adoption of modern management techniques such as management by objectives; elimination of corruption so as to secure clean, honest, impartial and efficient administration; creation of new work culture and encouraging creativity.
  • A National Institutes of Public Administration should be established to run Bachelor’s Degree courses in public administration/ governance/management
  • A National Institute of Good Governance may be set up by upgrading one of the existing national/state institutes. This institute would identify, document, and disseminate best practices and also conduct training programmes.

WAY FORWARD

Fifth revolution is needed with respect to moral values. Re-engineering at class-room level whereby dropping mono-disciplinary approach and adopting multi-disciplinary approach, and bringing in change in the attitude is required.

Once Barack Obama stated that "There are values that transcend race or culture, that move us forward, and there’s an obligation for all of us individually as well as collectively to take responsibility to make those values lived."

Sources

  • The Hindu
  • The Times of India
  • The Indian Express
General Studies Paper 4
  • Ethics