Info-paedia : Indus Water Treaty (IWT)

Why in News?

  • Recently, India announced that it wants to modify the 62-year-old Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) with Pakistan.

What is the Issue?

  • India cites the issues of the Rattle hydroelectric project and Kishenganga disputes as the reason for sending the notice.
  • Under the notice, India has called on Pakistan to enter into intergovernmental negotiations within 90 days.
  • According to India, the treaty requires that disputes be resolved through bilateral negotiations and consultations between the two countries, rather than through international arbitration.

What is the Indus Water Treaty?

  • In 1960, India and Pakistan signed the IWT with the World Bank as a signatory of the pact.
  • Under the treaty, India got control over the three eastern rivers Beas, Ravi, and Sutlej while Pakistan got control of the western rivers Indus, Jhelum, and the Chenab.
  • According to the treaty, India has the right to generate hydroelectricity through the run-of-the-river (RoR) projects on the western rivers which, are subject to specific criteria for design and operation.