Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam: Paper - III (General Studies – II) - 18 July 2020

Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS Mains Exam


Answer Writing Practice for UPSC IAS & UPPSC Mains Exam


UPSC Syllabus:

  • Paper - III : General Studies - II : Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

Q. Safety and security of women should be accorded top priority, in this background examine the steps taken by the Government of India to eliminate violence against women. (250 words)

Model Answer:

  • Introduction
  • Government initiatives to eliminate violence against women
  • Loopholes and limitations faced in eliminating violence against women
  • Conclusion

Introduction:

Violence against women is a grave violation of the fundamental human rights of women and girls and remains one of the most common crimes committed against them. It is defined as any sort of violence that is inflicted on women and girls only because of their sex. Safety and security of women have been accorded top priority by the government in India and several steps have been taken to tackle the issue.

Government initiatives to eliminate violence against women:

Violence against Women is an obstacle to achieving equality, development, peace, and fulfillment of women and girls' human rights. Few steps taken to eliminate violence against women are:

  • Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994. This act banned the practice of using ultrasound to identify the sex of the fetus.
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. The 2005 act was formulated to eliminate violence against women which is committed mainly to coerce her or any other person related to her to meet any demand for dowry.
  • The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013. This Act was enacted to provide every working woman, a safe and secure working environment free from all forms of harassment. This Act was in line with the Supreme Court’s judgement in the Vishaka Judgment.
  • The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006. The act includes punitive measures against those who perform, permit and promote child marriage.
  • One-Stop Centres- Sakhi. The centers provide an integrated range of services to women affected by violence like medical aid, police assistance, temporary shelter, etc.
  • Nirbhaya Fund. It is a non-lapsable corpus fund for the safety and security of women.
  • There are various other initiatives taken by the government of India to eliminate violence against women like special women helpline number 181, NARI portal, panic buttons in online taxi services, anti-trolling response, to name a few.

Loopholes and limitations faced in eliminating violence against women:

  • Various myths and misconceptions about child sexual abuse are one of the major hindrances faced towards eliminating violence against women. Myths like children are rarely abused, child abuse does not happen in Indian families, etc. These myths need to be busted as data proves otherwise.
  • Emotional and Mental violence is not treated as violence in India. The ambit of violence needs to be broadened to effectively address the issues faced by women.
  • Crimes against women need to be reported to eliminate them. Though in recent times it has increased still much needs to be done.
  • Police need to handle cases relating to rape, child abuse, etc. more sensitively. Sensitization programmes should be conducted for police to raise their awareness of the heinous crimes as also to deal with such cases ethically.
  • Children are not aware of the differences between good touch and bad touch. The parents and the school authorities need to teach the students from an early age about these little things.
  • Lack of awareness among the people about the crime many a time leads them to commit the crime.

Conclusion:

To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target 5.2 on the elimination of violence against women is critical for achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women. The government of India is committed to eliminating violence against women and girls with time this goal would be achieved by India.